ANC Special Rights
"(b) SBA may award a sole source 8(a) contract to a Participant concern owned and controlled by an Indian tribe or an ANC where the anticipated value of the procurement exceeds the applicable competitive threshold if SBA has not accepted the requirement into the 8(a) BD program as a competitive procurement. There is no requirement that a procurement must be competed whenever possible before it can be accepted on a sole source basis for a tribally-owned or ANC-owned concern, but a procurement may not be removed from competition to award it to a tribally-owned or ANC-owned concern on a sole source basis."
For DOD, GSA, and NASA, J&A is required for sole source contracts exceeding $20 million.
"(2) An ANC that meets the requirements set forth in paragraph (a)(1) of this section is deemed economically disadvantaged under 43 U.S.C. 1626(e), and need not establish economic disadvantage as required by paragraph (b)(2) of this section."
"(i) A tribally-owned applicant concern must be in business for at least two years, as evidenced by income tax returns for each of the two previous tax years showing operating revenues in the primary industry in which the applicant is seeking 8(a) BD certification, or demonstrate potential for success as set forth in paragraph (c)(6)(ii) of this section."
"(a) The eligibility of a Participant for a sole source or competitive 8(a) requirement may not be challenged by another Participant or any other party, either to SBA or any administrative forum as part of a bid or other contract protest."
Special Rights Under the A-76 Program – OMB Circular
The A-76 program ("A-76" refers to the number of the implementing Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Circular) imposes a long and cumbersome procedure for any government facility that wishes to contract out (i.e., outsource) an activity that employs ten or more civilian government employees. (The average A-76 study takes 23 months.) One of the few options open to a DOD command, service or agency that wants to contract out a function but avoid the cumbersome A-76 process is to award the contract to a tribal or ANC 8(a) firm.
Language in the Defense Appropriations Act provides that a command does not have to go through the A-76 process but may do a direct conversion of that function to a private contractor, regardless of the number of civilian employees, if the command contracts with a firm that is 51% or more Native American owned, so long as the conversion is cost effective. While this opportunity is available to any 51% or more Native American owned firm, in practice it is only available to tribal and ANC 8(a)s on the larger conversions, because the Appropriations language does not create a new procurement vehicle. As a result, the only way the command may contract with a Native American firm is to do it through the 8(a) sole source authority. As indicated above, the only entities that may receive an 8(a) contract in excess of $3 million for services are tribal and ANC-owned 8(a) firms and the bulk of the A-76 contracts are far in excess of $3 million.
A DOD contractor that subcontracts with a firm that is 51% or more Native American owned is entitled to receive a bonus equal to 5% of the amount of the subcontract award. While this provision is theoretically available to all agencies, Congress has provided appropriations to implement it only to DOD, which, after some initial resistance, has initiated it fully (out of the DOD Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization). Defense Appropriations Acts provided $11 million to this program in FY 2005. DFAR states:
(1) The Contractor, on its own behalf or on behalf of a subcontractor at any tier, may request an incentive payment in accordance with this clause.
(2) The incentive amount requested is 5 percent of the estimated cost, target cost, or fixed price included in the subcontract at the time of award to an “Indian tribe” which includes native villages and native groups as defined in the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act.
(4) The Contractor has the burden of proving the amount claimed and shall assert its request for an incentive payment prior to completion of contract performance.
(5) The Contracting Officer, subject to the terms and conditions of the contract and the availability of funds, will authorize an incentive payment of 5 percent of the estimated cost, target cost, or fixed price included in the subcontract awarded to the Indian organization, Indian-owned economic enterprise, or Native Hawaiian small business concern."
ANC Prime Contractor Performance Requirements – 13 CFR 125.6
(a) In order to be awarded a full or partial small business set-aside contract, an 8(a) contract, or an unrestricted procurement where a concern has claimed a 10 percent small disadvantaged business (SDB) price evaluation preference, a small business concern must agree that contracts for:
(1) "Services (except construction), perform at least 50% of the cost of the contract incurred for personnel with its own employees."
(2) "Supplies or products (other than procurement from a non-manufacturer in such supplies or products), perform at least 50% of the cost of manufacturing the supplies or products (not including the costs of materials)."
(3) "General construction, perform at least 15% of the cost of the contract with its own employees (not including the costs of materials)."
(4) "Construction by special trade contractors, perform at least 25% of the cost of the contract with its own employees (not including the cost of materials)."
"(1) Cost of the contract. All allowable direct and indirect costs allocable to the contract, excluding profit or fees.
(2) Cost of contract performance incurred for personnel. Direct labor costs and any overhead which has only direct labor as its base, plus the concern's General and Administrative rate multiplied by the labor cost.
(3) Cost of manufacturing. Those costs incurred by the firm in the production of the end item being acquired. These are costs associated with the manufacturing process, including the direct costs of fabrication, assembly, or other production activities, and indirect costs which are allocable and allowable. The cost of materials, as well as the profit or fee from the contract, are excluded.
(4) Cost of materials. Includes costs of the items purchased, handling and associated shipping costs for the purchased items (which includes raw materials), off-the-shelf items (and similar proportionately high-cost common supply items requiring additional manufacturing or incorporation to become end items), special tooling, special testing equipment, and construction equipment purchased for and required to perform on the contract. In the case of a supply contract, the acquisition of services or products from outside sources following normal commercial practices within the industry is also included.
(5) Off-the-shelf item. An item produced and placed in stock by a manufacturer, or stocked by a distributor, before orders or contracts are received for its sale. The item may be commercial or may be produced to military or Federal specifications or description. Off-the-shelf items are also known as Non-Developmental Items (NDI)."